Migraines - Causes and Treatment


Migraine is a condition of the brain that can cause a severe headache. It may also include other symptoms like nausea, vomiting, or sensitivity to lights. About 37 million Americans suffer from migraines, which are more severe than regular headaches. Overactive nerve cells cause the trigeminal nervous system to send sensations to the face and head. Pain is usually throbbing, and only one side of your head will be affected. Other symptoms can include sensitivity of light or sound, visual auras such as tunnel vision or loss of vision in one or both eyes, tingling on the skin or numbness.

It’s not fully understood what causes a migraine, but the cause may be linked to changes in serotonin levels. Serotonin is responsible for controlling the blood vessels of the brain and the rest of the body. Serotonin can cause swelling of blood vessels, causing pain, in your brain and elsewhere.

Food, alcohol, stress, lack sleep, and certain medications, such as birth control pills, can all trigger it. Herpes simplex is also suspected to be the cause of some migraines. Allergies can trigger migraines in both children and adults. Changes in weather, air pressure or light can also trigger migraines. Genetics and family history play a part in migraines. People with a history of migraines are more likely than others to experience them.

Most doctors will diagnose migraines by examining the history, symptoms, and medical records of a patient. A CT or MRI scan may be ordered to rule out underlying issues. These tests are not needed by the majority of sufferers.

People who suffer from migraines should keep a record of all their attacks, as well as any other symptoms that they may experience. They should then show their healthcare provider this information. This helps doctors understand the impact of each attack on the patient, and how effective treatments are.

Treatment for Migraines involves medication to relieve pain and other symptoms as well as lifestyle modifications. If you suffer from migraines frequently, it is worth considering preventive treatment. This involves diet, exercise, and prescription medication such as blood pressure medications, antidepressants, or epilepsy medicines.

Many types of medication are used to treat Migraines. These include NSAIDs, such as ibuprofen and aspirin, triptans, and ergotalkaloids. About two-thirds of patients can reduce their nausea and vomiting by taking NSAIDs or antiemetics. Sumatriptan or eletriptan are prescribed for severe migraines, and to patients who do not respond to NSAIDs. Ergot alkaloids such as chlorpromazine and metoclopramide are reserved for people who have not responded to other medications.

If you would like to speak with a Doctor who is an expert in the field or has Australian training, please contact us. Book an online Telehealth consultation. We are available 24/7. Contact info@clinicall.com.au