Acne - What is Acne?

Acne occurs when oil glands (also known as sebaceous cells) in the skin become clogged by a mixture of bacteria, dead skin and oil. Acne is most commonly seen as pimples or spots. Dark marks or scars may also be caused. It can be hard to remove. There are some treatments that may help. You should discuss with your doctor the best treatment option for you.

Pores are tiny holes that everyone has in their skin. The pores are connected to the hair follicles, and also to oil glands. When the follicles release healthy oil, it helps to keep the skin lubricated. It also removes dead cells. Sometimes, the follicles release too much of an oil which can lead to a buildup of oil. The overproduction of oils can make the skin red, irritated, and even cause a pimple.

Acne is more common in some people than in others. The hormonal changes that occur during puberty may cause the oil glands to enlarge, causing them to produce more oil. Stress, certain medications (like lithium or corticosteroids), a poor diet (especially chocolate) and genetics are also risk factors.

Acne can be a problem for teenagers. Acne can cause low self-esteem. However, there are ways to reduce its severity and damage over time. Acne is treated by different types of medications, both prescription and over-the counter. Follow the directions on your prescription, as some treatments can take time to work. Squeezing a pimple or rubbing it can make it worse, and cause permanent scarring.

Use gentle soaps and cleaners. If they don’t work, a dermatologist may prescribe creams and gels to be applied topically (topical medications) or pills you can take (oral treatment). You should also avoid picking at your acne, as this can cause scarring and infection.
Topical acne treatments, such as benzoyl or adapalene peroxide, and antibiotics are the most effective. For mild to moderate acne, oral antibiotics are prescribed. These include tetracyclines, doxycycline and minocycline. Azelaic acids reduce inflammation and kill bacteria. The cream or gel can be applied twice daily. You can use this product even if you’re in the sun. Some people respond well to retinoids which are prescribed for severe acne. Discussing these options with your dermatologist is essential to finding the right one for you. It is important to stay with your treatment plan. Some medications may take some time to work but when they do you can see a difference in the look of your skin.

If you would like to speak with a Doctor who is an expert in the field or has Australian training, please contact us. Book an online Telehealth consultation. We are always here for you, 24/7. Contact info@clinicall.com.au.