High Blood Pressure Medications

high blood pressure

Hypertension (High Blood Pressure) is a health condition that affects over 100 million Americans. Untreated, it can lead to serious and life-threatening complications. 

The force of blood against your arteries is called blood pressure. The two numbers that make up your blood pressure are the systolic (pressure when your heart pumps the blood into your body) and diastolic (pressure when your blood vessels relax). Knowing your blood pressure is important because it can detect and prevent issues with your kidneys, heart, eyes, and brain.

Diet, exercise and obesity are the most common causes of hypertension. High blood pressure may also be caused by other medical conditions or pregnancy.

Those with a history of hypertension in their family are more susceptible to the condition. This is especially true for those over 55 years old. Risk factors include race and socioeconomic status. Preeclampsia is more likely to occur if you are pregnant with your first baby. This occurs when high blood pressure begins in late pregnancy. It can cause serious complications for you and your child.

If lifestyle changes are not enough to lower your blood pressure to a healthy range, your doctor will prescribe medication to treat the condition. Your doctor will determine which medicine is best for you. The best results are achieved by taking the medication regularly. Many medications have a long-lasting effect. Combination medicines or once-a day medications may be recommended by your doctor to reduce the burden of multiple medications and increase adherence.

Diuretics are usually the first medication your doctor prescribes. They help your kidneys eliminate sodium (salt), so that your blood vessels, organs, and tissues don’t need to hold water. Your doctor may prescribe ACE inhibitors. These drugs work to lower blood pressure in the body by decreasing angiotensin, a chemical which narrows blood vessels. Your doctor may also prescribe beta-blockers. These work in the heart to slow down blood flow and lower blood pressure.

Your doctor will treat the problem if your high blood tension is caused by another condition or medication side effects. Your doctor may adjust your medication or dosage, prescribe a different drug combination or refer you to a specialist. High blood pressure can be a chronic illness and requires lifelong care. You can control your blood pressure and prevent serious complications by following the guidelines in this booklet. 

If you would like to speak with a Doctor who is an expert in the field or has Australian training, please contact us. Book an online Telehealth consultation. We are always here for you, 24/7. Contact info@clinicall.com.au.