How Do You Get Cystitis?


The bladder is a part of the lower urinary system. When bacteria, which normally reside in the bowel or on the skin, enter the urethra it can cause irritation and inflammation. This can happen to anyone, regardless if they are male or female. However, it is more common among women because their urethras are shorter. The condition can be more severe in older people, whose kidneys are less capable of fighting off infection.

Most people with cystitis experience pain or pressure at the lower abdomen (belly button), and they feel a need to urinate often, particularly after emptying their bladder. Some people experience a burning feeling when they pee, or have a strong odor to their urine. It is uncommon but it can happen. Bed-wetting in young children can be an indication of cystitis. However, this is not always true. 

Cystitis can be caused by a number of things, such as an enlarged prostrate gland, certain medications, infections, or issues with your body’s urine production. Cystitis is most commonly caused by a urinary system infection (UTI), which spreads from the urethra into the bladder. UTIs are caused by bacteria invading the body or bacteria growing inside the bladder due to a blocked or injured urethra.

If you are ill or receiving treatment for another illness, or you repeatedly use the same seat on the toilet, you may be at risk for cystitis. You should wash your hands after using the toilet and use a new seat every time. Avoid drinking alcohol as it can cause urine to become more acidic, which could lead to infection. Use plain toilet paper and wipe yourself backwards after using the toilet. Toilet paper and wipes that are scented or colored can cause irritation to your skin.

You can get cystitis even if you don’t have a urinary infection. However, it is best to consult your GP if these symptoms occur, as they could be a sign that an infection has occurred. Your GP will examine you and ask about your symptoms. The doctor may order a urinalysis or a urine culture in order to determine the bacteria causing your cystitis.

Your GP may prescribe antibiotics if you have cystitis. You’ll usually take antibiotics for a minimum of three days, but this can vary depending on the type. Even if you feel better, it’s important to take the prescribed pills. This will ensure that your infection is cleared from your body.

Your doctor may recommend non-surgical treatment if you suffer from chronic recurrent ureteritis. These include a change in lifestyle or diet, heat and exercise, and acupuncture. Acetaminophen, ibuprofen and other over-the-counter medications can reduce pain and discomfort.

If you would like to speak with a Doctor who is an expert in the field or has Australian training, please contact us. Book an online Telehealth consultation. We are always here for you, 24/7. Contact info@clinicall.com.au.