Diabetes Type 1 - What is It and How Do You Treat It?

Diabetes Type 1

What is diabetes type 1, and is it different from Type 2? Why do people get it, and what is the treatment for it?

Diabetes type 1 is a serious disease that requires daily insulin, constant testing and a healthy lifestyle. You are at risk for a variety of health issues, including heart disease, blindness, and kidney failure, if you do not take these steps. This is because your immune system destroys cells that produce insulin in your pancreas, and you can’t make it yourself. The body’s glucose or blood sugar level will rise. The main source of energy for your body is glucose, which comes from carbohydrates like pasta, bread and fruit. Insulin is needed to help your body convert glucose into energy. 

You can reduce or prevent the risk of developing diabetes by being physically active and eating healthy. Test your blood sugar with a continuous glucose monitor (CGM) or a blood glucose meter regularly. Talk to your doctor to determine the best meal plan for you.

There are a lot of advances in diabetes treatment, such as new insulin pumps which allow you to manage your blood sugar using a single device. There are also painless insulin injections and various pills that can help you manage your diabetes. Diabetes patients should also check their blood glucose before and after exercising, as well as when they begin a new activity.

Foot problems can be serious for people with Type 1 Diabetes. Untreated infections can result in toe, leg or foot removal. Type 1 diabetics are also at a greater risk for skin and mouth issues such as gum disease and fungus.

It’s important to keep your blood sugar as normal as possible. But it is not always easy. It’s important to maintain a healthy diet, pay attention to the food labels, and watch your portion sizes. Exercise and maintain a healthy weight are important. Regular blood sugar testing is necessary to determine how effective your treatment plan really is. You should also discuss with your doctor any concerns you may have, such as if you are having problems with your eyesight or are concerned about nerve damage to the legs and feet.

It is best to stick to a healthy diet, exercise regularly, and take your medication as prescribed. Your doctor may recommend regular urinalysis tests (which examine the chemical, microscopic and visual aspects of urine) as well as an arterial blood gases (ABG) test which measures the oxygen and carbon dioxide levels in your blood. A diabetes education program can help people manage their condition and learn how to take care of themselves.

If you would like to speak with a Doctor who is an expert in the field or has Australian training, please contact us. Book an online Telehealth consultation. We are always here for you, 24/7. Contact info@clinicall.com.au.